Section 6 – Manage Compliance
- Objective 6.1 – Install, Configure and Manage VMware vCenter Update Manager
The vSphere 4 Update Manager upgrades (Choose Three):
A.Virtual Machine Tools
D.Virtual machine hardware
Following a Remediation with Update Manager, the following error is displayed: Failed to remediate DBVM virtual machine because of an invalid state: Unknown Which of the following actions will allow the virtual machine to be successfully remediated?
A.Restart the Update Manager Service
B.Restart the virtual machine
C.Power Off the virtual machine
D.Repeat the Remediation process
Administration Guide Update Manager, page 34.
Type – Error.
Message Text – Failed to remediate virtual machine name for updates because of an invalid state: [email protected] Information – Check the virtual machine’s state. Consider restarting the virtual machine to facilitate remediation.
Which of the following are valid severity levels for Update Manager (Choose Three)?
VMware vCenter Update Manager, Administration Guide, vCenter Update Manager 4.0,page 114.
Table 12-2. VUMV_UPDATES
SEVERITY Update severity information: values are Not Applicable, Low, Moderate, Important, Critical, HostGeneral, and HostSecurity
Which of the following is a valid example of a vCenter Update Manager Orchestrated Upgrade?
A.A virtual machine upgrade that upgrades VM hardware, VMware Tools and patches the guest OS all at once
B.A virtual machine upgrade that upgrades VM hardware and VMware Tools in a staged manner with No VM downtime
C.A host upgrade that upgrades multiple ESX/ESXi hosts in a staged manner with no Host downtime
D.A host upgrade that upgrades and patches ESX hosts, preserving the existing Service Console and Any added applications or components
vSphere Upgrade Guide ESX 4.0 ESXi 4.0 vCenter Server 4.0 vSphere Client 4.0, page 69.
Update Manager allows you to perform orchestrated upgrades of the ESX/ESXi hosts in your vSphere inventory using a single upgrade baseline. vSphere Update Manager upgrades multiple VMware vSphere components
Table 10-1. Upgraded Components Component Upgraded by Update Manager
Virtual machine kernel (vmkernel) Yes
Service console, where present Yes
Virtual machine hardware Yes
Virtual Machine Tools Yes
Guest operating systems Yes, for SP and patch releases.
An administrator finds that scans on virtual machines that were part of a recently completed remediation show that they are still non-compliant. The remediation shows that it completed successfully on the remaining virtual machines. Which of the following are possible causes (Choose Two)?
A.The updates that are part of the baseline are not applicable to the affected virtual machines
B.Insufficient disk space exists on the virtual machine for one or more updated in the baseline
C.The updates that are part of the baseline conflict with running applications
D.VMware Tools is not installed on the affected virtual machines
Administration Guide Update Manager, page 32.
Remediated Updates Continue to be NonCompliant For Windows virtual machines, check the registry to ensure that the updates were not installed. Search for the Microsoft Knowledge Base (KB) number that pertains to the update in question. These numbers are in:
* The virtual machine’s registry in: HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Updates\KB Number
* The virtual machine’s file system in: C:\Windows\NTUninstall\KB Number Common explanations for this problem include:
* Insufficient disk space for Service Pack installation. Retry remediation after freeing up disk space.
* Conflicts with running applications. Reboot the virtual machine and then retry the remediation operation.
Which of the following objects can be updated using vCenter Update Manager (Choose Three)?
A.Windows, Linux and Solaris Virtual Machines
B.ESX and ESXi Hosts
VMware vCenter Update Manager Administration Guide vCenter Update Manager 4.0,page 11
Updates you specify can be applied to operating systems, as well as applications on scanned ESX/ESXi hosts, virtual machines, and virtual appliances. With Update Manager, you can:
1. Scan for compliance and apply updates for guests, appliances, and hosts.
2. Directly upgrade hosts [B above], virtual machine hardware, VMware Tools, and virtual appliances [C above].
3. Update third-party software on hosts.
Update Manager can scan and remediate (update) powered on, suspended, and powered off virtual machines, and templates [E above], in addition to scanning and remediating hosts. If the upgrade or patching fails, you can revert the virtual machines back to their prior condition without losing data. Update Manager can scan and remediate powered on, VMware Studio registered, Red Hat, Ubuntu, SUSE, and CentOS Linux virtual appliances [Not Solaris so A is incorrect] . You can deploy Update Manager in a secured network without Internet access. In such a case, you can use the VMware vCenter Update Manager Download Service to download patch metadata and patch binaries.
Which of the following are valid default upgrade baselines included with vCenter Update Manager (Choose Two)?
A.VA Upgrade to Latest
B.VMware Tools Upgrade to Match Host
C.Host Upgrade to Latest
D.VMFS Upgrade to Match Host
Which of the following are valid severity levels for host updates in vCenter Update Manager (Choose Three)?
VMware vCenter Update Manager Administration Guide vCenter Update Manager 4.0 f,page 72.
Table 6-2. Patch Details Window Severity – Severity of the update. For hosts the severity status might be Critical, General, Security, and so on. For virtual machines the severity might be Critical, Important, Moderate, and so on